面试


越来越多的美国大学,特别是顶尖名校,开始将面试作为录取的一项必要考核条件,以便能在庞大的申请者中寻找到真正优秀和合适的学生。更为重要的是,它会在学生未来的留美生活中扮演重要的角色,在找实习和工作的过程中,面试都是必经的一环。爱博强烈建议学生认真对待面试,“不打无准备的仗”,不轻视任何一次面试。我们为学生提供全面完整的面试指导,从材料的准备到实战性极强的模拟面试,发现和寻找学生面试表现中的不足之处,实现自我的提升。


从面试官的不同来区分,面试大致分为录取委员会委员面试和校友面试。校友面试一般和最终学校的录取没有直接的关联,它会更灵活,时间会相对弹性,可长可短,聊天性质的,确定一下申请人背景的真实性,发现学生除了材料上展示的特质以外其他的优势。最后会写一份报告发到录取委员会,作为学校选择学生的一个辅助材料。录取委员会面试一般时间比较短,因为行程短时间紧,一般一个学生平均20-30分钟的时间。会直接影响到录取结果。如果觉得学生和材料上面没什么差异,并且适合这个学校,录取基本就比较有把握了。从面试的形式来分,可以分为面对面面试,电话面试,网上面试(通过Skype, MSN等在线聊天工具),以及书面面试。

 

面试前的准备

如果将文章比作是见面前的握手的话, 那么面试就好比是见面后的寒暄。你可以当面告诉面试官你对于学校的渴望,亲自讲述你个人的成就, 你的人生观和价值观。因此面试是一次绝佳展示自己的机会。面试之前, 再次阅读大学信息, 个人陈述, 成绩单和活动列表等, 准备一些面试中常见的问题, 了解一些使面试氛围轻松的小窍门, 做好面试前的充分准备。尽量多准备几种答案,灵活的运用。


一位布朗大学的面试官曾经这样说道:在我面试过程中遇到的表现糟糕的学生不计其数了,原因是他们都没有好好为面试做准备。他们仅仅是走进我的办公室,草草地回答了几个问题便以为可以置身事外了,没有人向我索要名片,询问我的个人情况甚至布朗大学基本情况。更为可笑的是他们如果环顾四周的话便会发现那些他们曾经读过的一本本面试攻略……那些表现糟糕的学生中,有些是过于紧张,有些过于疲劳还有些不在状态,种种原因,他们在实际面试过程中都没有回忆起曾经看过的那些技巧。甚至那些表现很糟糕的学生事后往往也不会主动联系我,有甚者竟然说一点都不了解布朗大学。总之对我们学校没有表现出于一丝兴趣的学生是不会得到我的认可的。

 

面试过程中需注意的细节

1.着装:如果是申请本科,学生可以穿校服,或是平时上课时穿的衣服,如果是研究生或者一些MBA的applicants面试,最好穿正装。男士注意刮胡子,包括领带,袜子颜色等一些细节。

2.时间:一定要准时,外国人的时间观念很强,宁可早到也不要迟到。

3.客套话:一般面试开始时面试官会说一些比较闲聊的话来活跃一下气氛。

4.发音:用语不要太过口语化,但是也不要使用标准化的英语。

5.态度:注意举止, 包括握手方式, 交谈时的眼神交流。外国人非常看重眼神交流,中国学生一般在思考或搜索答案的时候眼睛就看别处,注意保持和面试官适当的眼神交流,也是信息传递的一种辅助工具。谈到兴奋的问题当然可以显得兴奋,如果刚开始紧张就说有一点点紧张,如果自己的意见和面试官的有异议可以不卑不亢的表达,语速不要太快,不要以为讲得快就代表你英语好,要让人家听明白你在说什么。

6.实话实说,不要在你一窍不通的领域装作专家。至少要在心里对某一项话题有非常充分的底!如果你喜欢音乐,也不要是单纯的喜欢,为什么喜欢,喜欢哪种类型,你对音乐的品味和了解等等,让面试官了解你在至少某一方面的强项。

7.保持冷静,当面试官给你出难题时,不要慌乱,深呼吸,保持镇定。如果内容不是你很感兴趣的,至少要表明你是一个很好的听众,而且可以从中找到自己感兴趣的内容来继续发挥。

8.有时候话题是非常随意的,当你坐到面试的桌前就不是在考察你的过去了,只是在考察你随机应变的能力和你对自己到底了解多少的问题。

9.不要有太多小动作,前一天晚上保证充足的睡眠,千万不要打哈欠等等。

10.最后要准备一些必要的问题问面试官,最好问一些对方的感受经历什么的。

11.面试时间一般为半小时至1个小时,如果面试官有看表迹象,表明他想要结束面试,此时你就不要再夸夸其谈了。

 

面试的问题

基本上都围绕着你所学的课程,专业兴趣,平时的活动,课外交流,家庭背景,学校环境等,甚至会提到你在申请材料中所提到的一次活动经历或参赛获奖经历。


最常问到的问题

 What adjectives would your friend or parent describe you and why?

 What have you appreciated your high school years?

 What activities have you found the most satisfying?

 What are your strengths and talents?

 Which weakness would you like to improve?

 Which of your courses challenged you?

 What have been your most stimulating intellectual experiences?

 How do you respond to academic competition and pressure?

 What would you change if you had the chance?

 What do you want from life?

 How do you define success?

 How would you describe your family and community?

 Which authors, books, or articles have had a profound effect on you?

 How do you spend you summers?

 Which activities or fields have you explored in depth?


学术及教育背景

 Tell me something about your courses.

 Which courses have you enjoyed the most?

 Which courses have you found most difficulties in your most challenging class?

 How did you overcome difficulties in your most challenging class?

 What kind of student have you been? How would you change your approach if you had a second opportunity?

 Do you feel that you have fulfilled your potential?

 Is your academic record an accurate gauge of your abilities and potential?

 Are there any outside circumstances that interfered with your academic performance?

 Do you like your high school? What would you have done to improve it?

 Describe the range of students at your school. Where do you place yourself?

 Do you like your teachers? Describe your favorite teacher?

 What was the most controversial issue in your school? What was your reaction to it?

 Have you been a leader in your school/community?


课外活动

 Which of your extracurricular activities has been most satisfying?

 What is the most significant contribution you have made at your school?

 Do you have any hobbies or special interests?

 Have you ever been employed? What were your responsibilities?

 How would you have done things differently given a second opportunity?

 What do you most enjoy doing for fun?

 How do spend your last few summer vacations?

 What have you done with any money you have earned?


社团活动

 How would you describe your hometown?

 How you engaged in the community life?

 What has been a controversial issue in your community? What is your position on it?


大学期待及愿望

 Why do you want to go to college?

 What do you hope to accomplish in the next four years?

 What kind of education/knowledge are you seeking?

 What interests do you want to pursue in college?

 What do you hope to major in and why?

 What self-development do you see for yourself in college?

 What are some of your criteria or considerations in choosing a college?

 Why have you chosen this particular college for admission?

 What is of most interest to you on campus?

 What other colleges are you considering?

 What do you expect to be doing seven years from now or more?

 Have you ever thought of not going to college? What would you do instead?


你与身边世界的联系

 What political or social issues should a young person be interested in?

 What do you think about: drug and alcohol use, gun control, nuclear proliferation and disarmament, nuclear power, cosmetic surgery, human cloning, marijuana laws, feminism/equal opportunity, air pollution, the strategic defense initiative, Presidential pardoning, bee keeping, free speech and the Internet, terrorism, today’s headline?

 What historical event had the biggest impact on the twentieth/twenty-first century in your opinion and why?

 If you had the political power to do anything, what would you do?


关于书以及其他媒体

 What are you reading now that is of interest?

 Are there any books you’ve read in the last year that have significantly affected you?

 What is the best book you’ve ever read? Why?

 Who are your favorite two authors?

 Which magazines do you read regularly?

 Who is your favorite fictional character? Films?

 What TV shows do you watch?

 What play/concert/museum exhibit/dance recital have you recently attended? What did you think?


个人问题

 What adjectives would your friend or parent describe you and why?

 What have you appreciated your high school years?

 What activities have you found the most satisfying?

 What are your strengths and talents?

 Which weakness would you like to improve?

 At what do you excel? Where do your talents lie?

 Something about your family, upbringing, like what are your parents like and on what issues do you have differences?

 Have you made some good decisions you’ve made for yourself recently?

 Who has influenced you the most?

 How would you describe your friendship?

 What do you think sets you apart as an individual in your school?

 When have you been most happy? Most sad?

 

结束面试

   临近面试结束之时,你之前所准备的四五个问题便派上用场了,你可以询问面试官在大学里的具体职务,或者就大学里发生的某个事情询问他的观点,或者请他详述一下面试过程中提及的某个你不太熟悉的话题,再或者关于大学生活,某些机构设置等等。


   通常来说比较理想的面试会持续半个多小时,一个多小时的面试就意味着面试官对你的极大兴趣并且有意愿录用你。在面试结束时跟面试官握手言别,最好是要到一张名片或者电子邮件地址,离开面试室时也不要那么沮丧。面试过后需要邮件感谢面试官,有可能的话可以再次提及面试过程中的某个方面的进展以更新你在面试官眼中的印象。


   成功的面试是需要作充分的准备的。仔细思考和理出问题的答案, 不断修饰完善你的答案, 大声练习。但是不要刻意去记住那些答案,因为面试官的目的是了解你如何认识自己以及与他人交流的方式。


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